A kidney transplant is the surgical placement of a healthy human kidney into the body of a person with kidney failure. The transplanted organ restores kidney function, improving the quality of life for the patient. Though many people think of a kidney transplant as the absolute cure for kidney failure, it is considered a treatment rather than a cure and has both advantages and disadvantages, just as other treatment modalities do. If you are interested in getting a kidney transplant, you should make sure to tell your kidney doctor and dialysis facility staff so that you can talk about if a transplant is right for you.